Plant Library2016-06-21T13:33:19-04:00


Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock

Tsuga mertensiana 'Elizabeth'

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Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana 'Elizabeth') at Weston Nurseries

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana 'Elizabeth') at Weston Nurseries

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  3 feet

Spread:  4 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4b


A dwarf variety of Mountain Hemlock with soft blue-green needles and a wide spreading habit; needs adequate moisture, rich, acidic and organic soils and shelter from drying winds

Ornamental Features

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock has bluish-green foliage with powder blue undersides which emerges light green in spring. The glossy needles remain bluish-green throughout the winter. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. The brick red fruits are held in cones in mid fall.

Landscape Attributes

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which should be used to full effect.

This shrub will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Insects

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Rock/Alpine Gardens
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Elizabeth Mountain Hemlock will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. It has a low canopy. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for rich, acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Massing  Rock  Garden 
Fruit  Texture  Plant Form  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

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